Our top selling products

Schoppel-Wolle LACE BALL 100 early bloomer 2350
Schoppel-Wolle LACE BALL 100 early bloomer 2350
£13.50
ZAUBERBALL 100 comfort zone 2331
ZAUBERBALL 100 comfort zone 2331
£12.90
Schoppel-Wolle EDITION 6 Garden days 2328
Schoppel-Wolle EDITION 6 Garden days 2328
£7.45
Hjertegarn INCAWOOL Design Colours 1185
Hjertegarn INCAWOOL Design Colours 1185
£6.95
JAWOLL MAGIC degradé 54 turaco
JAWOLL MAGIC degradé 54 turaco
£9.95
KUNSTGARN 11 twilight
KUNSTGARN 11 twilight
£7.00
SUPER SOXX CASHMERE linen 20
SUPER SOXX CASHMERE linen 20
£14.95
25cm Zing Fixed Circular Needles
25cm Zing Fixed Circular Needles
£5.25
SUPER SOXX ALPACA red/yellow/green print 156
SUPER SOXX ALPACA red/yellow/green print 156
£8.95
Hjertegarn INCAWOOL Design Colours 1166
Hjertegarn INCAWOOL Design Colours 1166
£6.95
REGGAE fiddlesticks 2202
REGGAE fiddlesticks 2202
£5.45
ZAUBERBALL 100 motley 1505
ZAUBERBALL 100 motley 1505
£12.90
REGGAE lumière 2050
REGGAE lumière 2050
£5.45
ZAUBERBALL 6-ply Shooting Star 2292
ZAUBERBALL 6-ply Shooting Star 2292
£17.95
ADMIRAL CAT PRINT barrakuda
ADMIRAL CAT PRINT barrakuda
£10.50
REGGAE yellow filter 2306
REGGAE yellow filter 2306
£5.45
Small & Large - Blue & Pink Point Protectors
Small & Large - Blue & Pink Point Protectors
£3.00
ZAUBERBALL 6-ply Garden party 2355
ZAUBERBALL 6-ply Garden party 2355
£17.95
ZAUBERBALL 6-ply Pale Shimmer 2170
ZAUBERBALL 6-ply Pale Shimmer 2170
£17.95
ADMIRAL R DRUCK katzenbeißer 2183magic
ADMIRAL R DRUCK katzenbeißer 2183magic
£9.50
The History of Knitwear
History of knitwear PDF Print E-mail
User Rating: / 28
PoorBest 
Written by teddsy2   
Saturday, 01 November 2008 20:21
Knitted fabric
Elasticity, thickness and warmth

Compared to the other two classes, knitted fabrics are much more elastic, which accounts for their historical use in stockings and other clothing that requires changes in shape. Hence, dresses and lingerie made from knitted fabrics can be more form-fitting than counterparts made from a woven fabric. Knited fabrics can stretch from 0 to 500%, depending on their material and knitting pattern. Lace knitting generally produces the most flexible fabric, since it has large holes that can deform in shape; by contrast, cable knitting generally produces the least flexible fabric, since the stitches are crossed under tension, which inhibits deformation. Knitted fabrics that do not deform much are called stable knits. For comparison, woven fabrics typically deform only along their bias direction — i.e., at 45° to the warp and weft directions — and only by a small amount; however, a woven fabric made with a stretchable material such as Lycra may deform more than a stable knit.

The elasticity of knitted fabrics gives them an excellent drape, but this is opposed somewhat by their generally greater thickness compared to wovens. Thus, the turn of the cloth (i.e., the maximum curvature of a fold of the fabric) is generally finer in woven fabrics than in knitted fabrics. For this reason, knitted fabrics resist wrinkles better than wovens, but do not generally take a crease.

Knitted fabrics are generally warmer and more comfortable than woven fabrics, which is why they are worn closer to the body. Moreover, knitted fabrics are often made from wool, which stays warm even when wet; wool is preferred since it is more elastic than most fibers and produces more even, beautiful knits. In general, elasticity and warmth are opposing qualities in a knitted fabric, since the most elastic knitted fabrics, such as lace, have the largest holes and are thus less insulating.

Structure of knitted fabrics

Knitted fabrics are divided into two basic types: warp-knit fabrics such as tricot and weft-knit fabrics such as a hand-knit sweater. Weft-knit items have the drawback that they run when cut. Warp-knit fabrics are often used in lingerie.

  • knits shrink
  • knits have nap
  • ribs/wales versus courses
  • generally more elasticity along the course than along the wale
Knitting stitches

Over the long history of knitting across the world, hundreds of different knitting stitches have been created.

The basic building blocks of all hand knitting are the following stitches: knit, purl, cast on, cast off, increase and decrease stitches. Use of a combination of these methods can provide a vast number of different textures to knitted fabrics.

In order to save space in knitting patterns, the names of stitches are normally abbreviated Knitting abbreviations.

Styles of knitted fabrics
  • Boiled wool
  • Bunting
  • Double knits
  • Four-way stretch knits
  • Interlock knits
  • Jersey
  • Milanese
  • Power net
  • Raschel knits
  • Rib knits
  • Single knits
  • Stable knits
  • Stretch knits
  • Stretch velour
  • Sweater knits
  • Sweatshirt knits
  • Tricot
  • Two-way stretch knits
History of knitwear

Coco Chanel's 1916 use of jersey in her hugely influential suits was a turning point for knitwear, which became associated with the liberated woman. Shortly afterwards, Jean Patou's cubist-inspired, color-blocked knits were the sportswear of choice.

In the 1940s came the iconic wearing of body-skimming sweaters by sex symbols like Lana Turner and Jane Russell, though the 1950s were dominated by conservative popcorn knits.The swinging 1960s were famously manifested in Missoni's colorful zigzag knitwear.This era also saw the rise both of Sonia Rykiel, dubbed the "Queen of Knitwear" for her vibrant striped sweaters and her clingy dresses, and of Kennedy-inspired preppy sweaters.

In the 1980s, knitwear emerged from the realm of sportswear to dominate high fashion; notable designs included Romeo Gigli's "haute-bohemian cocoon coats" and Ralph Lauren's floor-length cashmere turtlenecks.

Contemporary knitwear designers include Diane von Furstenberg and James Perse.

This article has been reproduced under GNU Free Documentation License

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

 

font_page Wool Silk Bamboo Bag Handkes Hand Spun Yarn Hjertegarn Incawool Felted Bag Kit Felting Wool Sock Yarn Addi Express
Last Updated on Sunday, 10 June 2012 12:38
 

Your Cart

VirtueMart
Your Cart is currently empty.

Facebook

paypal-secure-logo

Latest Products


Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/knitting/public_html/modules/mod_virtuemart_latestprod/mod_virtuemart_latestprod.php on line 42
Opal Sock Yarn odds and sods
Opal Sock Yarn odds and sods
£5.50



Lilac Eyelash
Lilac Eyelash
£2.50



Purple Eyelash
Purple Eyelash
£2.50



ADMIRAL TWEED BUNT natural 980
ADMIRAL TWEED BUNT natural 980
£8.90



ADMIRAL TWEED BUNT anthracite 8805
ADMIRAL TWEED BUNT anthracite 8805
£8.90



ADMIRAL TWEED BUNT black 880
ADMIRAL TWEED BUNT black 880
£8.90